Reduce Space After Chapter Title Latex

LaTeX: Changing the Font Size Latex provides 10 different font sizes. ò Go to the Format menu and select Line Numbers. Pick which spacing you want (the default is Open) and notice your whole document will preview as you mouse over the different settings. The topics to be covered in this section of the LaTeX tutorial include fullpage, double spacing, blank space, and tables. How to use Tabs in LaTeX. This is normally \section* or \chapter*. \arabic* label=\thesubsection. % %===== % % Typeset using LaTeX with the AMS-LaTeX 1. Title III is intended to provide protection to individuals with disabilities that is at least as great as that provided under title V of the Rehabilitation Act. This post will tell you which one is the best. chapter 7 Diesel engine sart ting systems After reading this chapter, the student should be able to: 1. But you can also decide to put it at the end of the chapter. Here is some LaTeX code that will create a small table showing the effects of the various horizontal spacing commands. You may leave it empty if there is no section label at that level, but this is not recommended because by doing so the number is not suppressed in the table of contents and running. to produce "w i d e ") Showing 1-5 of 5 messages. The Federal Travel Regulation (FTR) enumerates the travel and relocation policy for all Title 5 Executive Agency employees. Directed by Richard Fleischer. Use a tab indent to start each new paragraph, not a line space. The exception allows a page break before and after sidebar conferences, bench conferences, and hearings on motions in jury trials when the transcript is produced under the daily or hourly delivery schedule and the exception is approved by the presiding judicial officer. Before conception: screen women for health risks and preexisting chronic conditions; counsel women about the benefits of good nutrition and encourage folic acid supplements; advise women about the value of regular physical exercise; advise women to avoid alcohol, tobacco, and illicit drugs. If the paragraph style is different then the existing value for Space Before and Space After will be used. to tell L A T E X not to consider this the end of a sentence. After you exit the expressway, you can figure out where you need to go and (if necessary) get back on the expressway. If the author is unknown, the first few words of the reference should be used. 2950 On the Conference Report Agreed to 79 8. The provisions of this Chapter 51 issued under section 803(2) of the Health Care Facilities Act (35 P. The Why LaTeX? page discusses LaTeX's strengths/weaknesses. Here’s a brief summary on how to get it sorted. There are a number of ways to change the document header and footer styles in LaTeX. be fully discussed after a brief explanation of the following basic principals related to sound. o The numbering for each figure must be consecutive, per the requirements of your chosen style guide. As a general rule for papers though, here's a couple guidelines I follow. (h) Conforming amendment to title 5, United States Code Section 5314 of title 5, United States Code, is amended by inserting after Under Secretaries, Department of Homeland Security. of space on the rst page and a di erent amount of space on all other pages (see section11. Special Symbols in LaTeX. The starred version of this command (\titlespacing*) kills the indentation of the paragraph following the title. SleepRight, HearRight, No-Boil, ProRx, Dura-Comfort, Ultra-Comfort, Secure-Comfort and GelFoam are trademarks of Splintek, Inc. I'm trying to make a table of contents in Writer in this form: Heading Heading 1 Heading1 2 Heading1 2. Here's a brief summary on how to get it sorted. The purpose of this chapter is to provide standards to aid in protecting the health, safety and rights of children and to reduce risks to children in child day care centers. The delegation of responsibilities for the installation and. Most digital fonts permit the use of a variable space or a no-break space. The document text immediately follows the header. Pick which spacing you want (the default is Open) and notice your whole document will preview as you mouse over the different settings. \chapter{Introduction} The complete list of section-related commands is: \part{Writing LaTeX} defines the start of a major part of a book. To Insert the Chapter Name and Number in a Header or a Footer. 09 layered on T X v2. How to change character spacing in LaTeX (i. The primary purpose of this feature is to ensure persistence of table of contents links (permalinks): the missing section IDs are generated dynamically by the JavaScript TOC generator *after* the page is loaded. article No \partor \chapterdivisions. Nothing in this subchapter, section 11331 of title 40, or section 20 of the National Standards 1 and Technology Act (15 U. Font styles; 2. This line is only for comparison. We are committed to providing accessibility for all and are in the process of retooling the production process to achieve our goal of having our publications portfolio available in flexible formats with accessible features. ShareLaTeX comes with a complete, ready to go LaTeX environment which runs on our servers. " The Commonwealth's primary tool for protection and promotion of public use of its tidelands and other waterways is Massachusetts General Law Chapter 91, the waterways. With ShareLaTeX you get the same LaTeX set-up wherever you go. In this LaTeX tutorial, taken from by LaTeX Beginner's Guide, you'll learn how to line up text and data in columns and typeset complex tables. Section IDs ^^^^^ If no explicit section ID is specified an ID will be synthesised from the section title. Marijuana usage is common throughout the world, despite many countries having laws against possession and growth of marijuana. Each version is updated as official changes are published in the Federal Register (FR). at Duke University in 1949. This is usually the title of the source. You can use PDFL A TEX simply by using the command pdflatex instead of latex. It is fairly straightforward to set the margins of a graph in R by calling the par() function with the mar (for margin!) argument. I am going mad. If latex can't fill a page (perhaps because the next object is a figure or table that doesn't fit, or because the next object is a heading that latex doesn't want to put at the foot of a page) then by default it will spread the vertical white space on the page so that the "height" of the page is the default height. Double-space between lines if the title requires more than one line. Limit yourself to a few house plants. Enforcement. You might need to print the list of symbols or list of abbreviations for your LaTeX document. The latest version of this document is online at eng. Moore Instructor at M. If latex can't fill a page (perhaps because the next object is a figure or table that doesn't fit, or because the next object is a heading that latex doesn't want to put at the foot of a page) then by default it will spread the vertical white space on the page so that the "height" of the page is the default height. A new document will automatically open. minimize the lender’s loss, and reduce the potential risk to the government in the event of liquidation. Be sure that your name and the title exactly match the name and title used on the Title page. The New York city fire code, based on the 2003 edition of the International Fire Code published by the International Code Council, with amendments reflecting the unique character of the city, is hereby enacted to read as set forth in Chapter 2 of this title. The tables produced with this style look more like the tables you can see in the books, scientific articles, and newspapers. 1Sales Figures but I want it to look instead like 5. esttab is a wrapper for estout. Note that you don't specify the section number as LaTeX does this automatically. The length of the space can be expressed in any terms that LaTeX understands, i. The title is assumed to be the first word on the title line, which may optionally end with a (single-digit) section number in parentheses. You might need to print the list of symbols or list of abbreviations for your LaTeX document. Copyediting (or copy editing) is the work that a writer or an editor does to improve a manuscript and prepare it for publication. Type the title entirely in uppercase letters and center it three spaces below the chapter number. May be I don't understand your problem quite correctly, but I think you should go to Insert Caption-Numbering, set number Format to a, b, c,… and set Heading2 in Chapter starts with style. There's a couple of things you need to do to use them: the first is to add a line saying. Instead, visualize the headings before you start the rough draft, and plug them in as you write. SAS files to open in SAS, do this:. Instead, use page breaks if needed. (a) Authority to erect traffic-control devices. A pack­age pro­vid­ing an in­ter­face to sec­tion­ing com­mands for se­lec­tion from var­i­ous ti­tle styles. Copyediting (or copy editing) is the work that a writer or an editor does to improve a manuscript and prepare it for publication. A copy of the license is included in % the section entitled "GNU Free Documentation License". After adding the adjustments discussed above, biblatex produced record in the bibliography which looked like this (shown without the reference number in. (This is all described on page 62 of the latex book). 1Heading2 3Heading1 The problem is that I don't know how I could add some space between the numbers and headings (i. It only takes a minute to sign up. 2 Scope All instances where the International Building Code (IBC) permits. Position the cursor at the desired location—for example after the space added after of in the header or footer, as in page xx of yy. To avoid having the space after the command disappear,. After you pass, make sure you can see the cab of the truck in your rearview mirror before reentering the lane. Letter-spacing refers to the overall spacing of a word or block of text affecting its overall density and texture. , start on a right hand page in a book. (h) Conforming amendment to title 5, United States Code Section 5314 of title 5, United States Code, is amended by inserting after Under Secretaries, Department of Homeland Security. "Source Reduction" does not include steps taken after the material becomes solid waste or actions which would impact air or water resources in lieu of land, including, but not limited to, transformation. Only this time, change the Before spacing. If you know some latex you'll see a good spot. Copy the above code in the preamble, between \makeatletter and \makeatother, and change the corresponding commands at will. APIC has launched its Certification: The Defining Difference campaign. 01 Load limits on highways definitions. 10 ways to customize toc/lof/lot. \item The label is defined in | |. 25 \baselineskip plus 3pt minus 2pt } \setlength\intextsep { 1. Reducing extra space in packaging across the system Take a look inside the package to see if there is extra space. The value of a counter can be changed with a command of the type \setcounter{equation}{0}. The letter-spacing property controls the amount of space between each letter in a given element or block of text. It's not that I don't like Computer Modern as a font for chapter and (sub)-section titles, but it is a very wide font, and for longer titles it will extend into the margin or onto a second line, which looks very ugly. In the header or footer, type Chapter and a space. tex, but some are from other sources. There's a couple of things you need to do to use them: the first is to add a line saying. Preliminaries 2. • hformatiis the format to be applied to the whole title—label and text. 1 Fixing Errors in an R Markdown file. For printing on A4 paper, a good style option is a4wide, since this makes sensible use of the page; and a good base point size is 11 point, since this reads quite well if you reduce a document to get two pages per A4 page. Chapter and Section. Coming in contact with latex. LaTeX tends to take over the style decisions, but all the benefits of plain TeX are still present when it comes to doing maths. Choose a different separator, if you want, and then click OK. To control the appearance say of all your chapter headings (Level 1), simply right click on any one of them and choose the option Edit Paragraph Style. This guide explains the purpose and function of the Massachusetts Public Waterfront Act. How can I reduce the vertical space between title frame and main text, what could also be called the top margin of the main frame? In mtheme, this seems to be overly large, in particular when the frame is full or almost full, and the bot. Unless you have a super strict teacher, you most likely wont fail the paper for small details like that. Space Foundations's National Space Symposium Proceedings Reports, and the proceedings of the Mars Society. On the other hand, you might set 12-point text with something like 15-point spacing, which gives enough height for the text plus a little extra space. Back Institute has had over twenty years of experience in developing the field of outpatient, non-traumatic surgery, equipment, and techniques. \chapter{Introduction} The complete list of section-related commands is: \part{Writing LaTeX} defines the start of a major part of a book. 14 of the Revised Code: (1) "Axle" means one or more load-carrying wheels mounted in a single transverse vertical plane. 1 Heading2 3 Heading1 etc. Drivers must reduce speed on all roads when encountering such vehicles, but on parkways, interstates and other controlled access roads with multiple lanes, drivers are further required to move from the lane adjacent to the emergency or hazard vehicle unless traffic or other hazards prevent doing so safely. Note that specifying a title causes the table to be set up as a floating object in LaTeX mode (unless the nofloat option is specified). Setting space between heading number and heading I have a MSW07 template with outline numbered headings. Automated chapter and section macros are provided, together with cross referencing and bibliography macros. If you need your list to follow the numbering of your sections/subsections then you could use the Enumitem module and an optional argument similar to the following: label=\thesection. Too early and you get the "page before" problem, too late and you'll get the "last page" problem. If you look over the whole text too rapidly, however, you may overlook important parts. the primary heading (the chapter title) is more prominent than the secondary heading (the sub-heading) which is, in turn, more prominent than the. Each chapter should be given an appropriate title. I'm trying to make a table of contents in Writer in this form: Heading Heading 1 Heading1 2 Heading1 2. Macros are de ned to enable you to state the total number of pages in the exam (see. This state-based legislative effort encourages new infection preventionists (IPs) to become certified in infection control. The \hfill commands put roughly equal space between the choices. AutoCAD supplies many different tools for creating these dimensions quickly and easily. This can be a negative amount. 1) This condition can be found in carcasses of cattle or sheep and sometimes pigs and turkeys soon after slaughter. You may leave it empty if there is no section label at that level, but. All I can do is adjust the spacing of the heading from the margin and the spacing between the numbers and the text. 90 of this Title except that enumerated uses in Chapter 20. to tell L A T E X not to consider this the end of a sentence. How to use Tabs in LaTeX. Do not give the title terminal. Hello, waisgai. How to change character spacing in LaTeX (i. • hformatiis the format to be applied to the whole title—label and text. (Keep in mind that some states prohibit deficiency balances on certain types of transactions. After you exit the expressway, you can figure out where you need to go and (if necessary) get back on the expressway. A comment line begins with a percent symbol (%) and continues to the end of the line. The spacing can be changed inside a single section Note: This is an advanced topic and requires previous HTML knowledge. Use ~ for a xed-width unbreakable space, e. tex, then instead of typing: latex filename. Section IDs ^^^^^ If no explicit section ID is specified an ID will be synthesised from the section title. 12-1d for transfer of functions, powers and duties under this chapter to Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management. Leave one blank line (a double space) after each heading. Sentence spacing in digital media concerns the horizontal width of the space between sentences in computer- and web-based media. food, drugs, alcohol, and hazardous substances. tex If you are using TeXnicCenter select the output profile LaTeX => PDF, and click on the `Build' icon. report No \partdivisions. Spacing of Live Vaccines Not Given Simultaneously If two live parenteral vaccines, or live intranasal influenza vaccine, are given less than 4 weeks apart the vaccine given second should be repeated Exception is yellow fever vaccine given less than 30 days after single antigen measles vaccine, single antigen mumps. Each chapter should be given an appropriate title. The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano study guide contains a biography of Olaudah Equiano, literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and ana. Sense of Congress regarding Water Resources Development Acts. Since the report uses 3 pages, let's try to squeeze the records into 3 columns on one page. Reduce Space After Chapter Title Latex. The argument where specifies the allowed locations for the table. Most digital fonts permit the use of a variable space or a no-break space. This would reduce the mortgage from $100,000 to $50,000. 1 Fixing Errors in an R Markdown file. Double spacing refers to the amount of space that shows between the individual lines of your paper. Type "Chapter" followed by a space in the Before box. 5} Some paragraph text \end{spacing} [/code]. One vibration or cycle per second is a hertz (Hz). LaTeX formats mathematics the way it's done in mathematics texts. The Title Page is followed by the Acceptance Page and should be numbered as page ii. However, a single \authorcommand (method 1) can appear before \usepackage, or even before \documentclass, as is allowed in standard LATEX. Suggestions:. All Rights. LATEX Command Summary This listing contains short descriptions of the control sequences that are likely to be handy for users of LAT EX v2. SAS file, it defaults to open with the Enterprise Guide product, So right after installation, if you want *. If you know some latex you'll see a good spot. \arabic* label=\thesubsection. Although the Title Page does not have a page number on it, it is still considered the first page (page i when using roman numerals). This is normally \section* or \chapter*. Periods are left out at the end of the title. I am using setspace package with the fontsize. The provisions of this Chapter 51 issued under section 803(2) of the Health Care Facilities Act (35 P. These are usually numbered (starting at 1). Spacing before and after section titles. , points, inches, etc. gif, looks best with medium text size # Set each Z paragraph inside. How to change character spacing in LaTeX (i. Basic syntax and usage. The temperature of the salt and ice mixture will be below the normal freezing point of water, which is 0 °C. 4 Con guration Certain aspects of the author/a liation blocks can be controlled by the user. For more information see: Creating a document in LaTeX; Bold, italics and underlining. Chapter 170-01: DISCLOSURE OF PUBLIC RECORDS What requirements must I meet for indoor space? [WSR 06-15. extra glue There are four extra spaces here. By working with your colleagues and students on ShareLaTeX, you know that you're not going to hit any version inconsistencies or package conflicts. Specifying a Font style. Entire document. (2) The standards in this chapter apply to all utility work performed on or after January 1, 2006, using an emergency permit card under § 459. A typical document consist of three main parts: 1. For a particular group of text I am using \fontsize and setting to a size(say 8pt) different from the document fontsize(say 12pt) but the spacing between the text is still being rendered with respect to the document’s fontsize hence I am using \setstretch which gives me a spacing of 0 but sets the fontsize back to the document fontsize. What is the difference between a “Page Break” and “Section Break (Next Page)” 3. A comment line begins with a percent symbol (%) and continues to the end of the line. Questions: As soon after the reading as possible, formulate questions based on the notes in the right-hand column. Now your list should have all hanging indents, single spacing within references, and a double space between each reference per AU Thesis and Dissertation Guidelines. Define \bibfont to be a font declaration, e. This post will tell you which one is the best. Creating Tables with LaTeX Tables are created using the "table" environment given below: \begin{table}[where] table \end{table} In the above syntax, table stands for the contents of the 'tabular' environment together with a possible \caption command. to apply to the list of references. Wow, this was a tough LaTeX problem, and it would really help if I knew a lot more about LaTeX. Exception Based on Structural Impracticability in DOJ’s 2010 ADA Standards and DOT”s ADA Regulations. If you title one chapter, however, then all chapters must have titles. 1) sets the bottom, left, top and right margins respectively of the plot region in number of lines of text. Using the Full Page LaTeX doesn't use much of the page when it formats text, only about 4. 278g–3) may be construed as affecting the authority of the President, the Office of Management and Budget or the Director thereof, the National Institute of Standards and Technology, or the head of any agency, with. Preliminaries 2. Write one under each cue word. These are usually numbered (starting at 1). The \p@ command is just an internal shorthand of pt. Format the main content of your manuscript per these. Sentence spacing in digital media concerns the horizontal width of the space between sentences in computer- and web-based media. Formatting 101: how to format your novel for submission. If the paragraph style is different then the existing value for Space Before and Space After will be used. Parsing Blocks and Dialects. The document text immediately follows the header. Version: 2. Click Design, then Paragraph Spacing. Chapter 6: Production 68 CHAPTER 6 PRODUCTION EXERCISES 1. Type "Chapter" followed by a space in the Before box. Remember also that LaTeX doesn't like putting a heading right at the bottom of a page - it would rather leave space. with a backslash "\". Using the Full Page LaTeX doesn't use much of the page when it formats text, only about 4. Click Design, then Paragraph Spacing. Note the special case that a number has no space after it, if followed by a percentage sign or a degree symbol. Whitespace in LaTeX can also be made flexible (what Lamport calls "rubber" lengths). the primary heading (the chapter title) is more prominent than the secondary heading (the sub-heading) which is, in turn, more prominent than the. Directed by Guillermo del Toro. The length of the space can be expressed in any terms that LaTeX understands, i. The rule adopted by LaTeX is to regard a period (full stop) as the end of a sentence if it is preceded by a lowercase letter. Questions: As soon after the reading as possible, formulate questions based on the notes in the right-hand column. If you want to add a little bit of extra information to every section title, or even most of them, you're going to have to hack the sectioning commands. Back Institute has had over twenty years of experience in developing the field of outpatient, non-traumatic surgery, equipment, and techniques. 01 Load limits on highways definitions. The value of a counter can be changed with a command of the type \setcounter{equation}{0}. Use dehumidifiers to reduce both mold and dust mites. I am going mad. Chapter 11 is a powerful tool that allows real estate investors to rewrite mortgages. \tabcolsep is half of the width of the space between the columns of the tabular and tabular* environments. which tells LaTeX not to insert more space after a period than after ordinary character. If you don't want LaTeX to remove this space, include the optional * argument. Chapter titles are optional. 1 Heading2 3 Heading1 etc. Controlling where space goes. This is precisely why teachers ask you to double space. chapter covers all the necessary components of a comprehensive methodology chapter. To ensure formatting consistency, change paragraph spacing in the paragraph styles you define. Note: After completing Step 5, you may choose to have students place a thermometer inside the can. Include one double-spaced line between each note. • hformatiis the format to be applied to the whole title—label and text. Chapter 5577: LOAD LIMITS ON HIGHWAYS. It allows the introduction of yourself as a person and explanation as to why you believe you are suitable for the position based on your previous experiences and interests. Save your file. Leave one blank line (a double space) after each heading. Same goes of course for the other levels, indeed for any paragraph style. \arabic* label=\thesubsection. A landfill might. \chapter{Introduction} The complete list of section-related commands is: \part{Writing LaTeX} defines the start of a major part of a book. I've collected these mainly from comp. Values supported by letter-spacing include font-relative values (em, rem), parent-relative values (percentage), absolute values (px) and the normal property, which resets to the font's default. You have to change the font size outside the. Title I—General Provisions Sec. The starred version of this command (\titlespacing*) kills the indentation of the paragraph following the title. Supplementaries. We will cover the basic tools. • The special paper notice (if used) will appear between the author names and the title (not after as with journals). o The numbering for each figure must be consecutive, per the requirements of your chosen style guide. Use humidity monitors. A pack­age pro­vid­ing an in­ter­face to sec­tion­ing com­mands for se­lec­tion from var­i­ous ti­tle styles. There is always a space between a number and the units. ) Anything after this is assumed to be additional footer and header text. Title 1: Rules of the City of New York Installation and Maintenance of Gas-Fueled Water and Space NYC is a trademark and service mark of the City of New York. This is useful on pages in complex documents where not every page may be an exact. 102 2 1992 00270 08-Oct H. An example is \today, which prints the current date. Established in 1962, the MIT Press is one of the largest and most distinguished university presses in the world and a leading publisher of books and journals at the intersection of science, technology, art, social science, and design. of space on the rst page and a di erent amount of space on all other pages (see section11. Before conception: screen women for health risks and preexisting chronic conditions; counsel women about the benefits of good nutrition and encourage folic acid supplements; advise women about the value of regular physical exercise; advise women to avoid alcohol, tobacco, and illicit drugs. Once you build a body of custom commands that you will be using in many LaTeX documents, you should learn about creating your own package so you don't have to copy all your custom commands from document to document. In LaTeX it is very effortless to have consistent formatting throughout your paper. \item The label is defined in | |. With ShareLaTeX you get the same LaTeX set-up wherever you go. You will note that there are 4 numbers after each margin and padding property. ) % % NOTE: This file works with LaTeX 2. For a LaTeX user (and anyone writing a document as long as a thesis should be), a good template is everything. These technologies include means to collect gases, control and treat gases, and use gases to benefit the community (e. Reduce Space After Chapter Title Latex. But when i checked the settings, the 'space after' is set to zero. Tight letter-spacing, especially in small text sizes, can diminish legibility. Some people are allergic to latex, which is found in rubber gloves and other products, such as condoms and some medical devices. Define \bibpreamble to be any text that is to be printed after the heading but before the actual list of references. Select this option and then enter a percentage value in the box, where 100% corresponds to single line spacing. This document describes how to use the puthesis (Purdue University thesis) LaTeX typesetting system documentclass to format Purdue University master's bypass reports, master's theses, PhD dissertations, and PhD preliminary reports. Code Title 42, Chapter 21 - Civil Rights Title 42, Chapter 21 of the U. This guide explains the purpose and function of the Massachusetts Public Waterfront Act. " This is the space you will use almost all of the time. Hi there, How do I reduce the space between my post title and the date below the title? And the space between the date and the post content? It seems like a lot of white space and I would like to reduce it. The \hfill commands put roughly equal space between the choices. Don’t want to change the spacing in the whole document?. The report's title is about the same width as the current width of the Detail controls. Change the theme. The amount of letter-spacing in text affects legibility. So when LaTeX creates the final document, it needs to choose points at which to start the next page. For example if your document is called filename. The length of the space can be expressed in any terms that LaTeX understands, i. The title of the section should be surrounded by braces and placed immediately after the relevant command. LaTeX removes vertical space that comes at the end of a page. The title page is preformatted in the library's template files. So, the first line of your document source file. fancyhdr is a massive package with a crazy number of tweaks and modifications available for your document's header and footer styles. The dimensions created by AutoCAD come from the dimensions you used when you drew the part. Frenchspacing can be turned off later in your document via the \nonfrenchspacing command. Now your list should have all hanging indents, single spacing within references, and a double space between each reference per AU Thesis and Dissertation Guidelines. Now it looks like this: Heading Heading 1Heading1 2Heading1 2. Select the number and tab space by placing your cursor just after the space and pressing the back arrow button. This already has it formatted for the title page, header, subject headings, reference list, etc. 5} Some paragraph text \end{spacing} [/code]. food, drugs, alcohol, and hazardous substances. Reduce listed capacity of ramps by twenty-five percent when slope exceeds one in ten. Note, in the second case, the trailing \ followed by a blank is required to ensure a blank space after the H 2 O; LaTeX ignores the blank following a command, so the space has to be specifically inserted with the \. Space between chapter title and uperpart from the sheet problem I have is that I get a big space between the chapter title and amount is that LaTeX moves the. Use humidity monitors. to add previous undergraduate degrees. 2950 On the Conference Report Agreed to 79 8. Further, (sub)appendicesenvironments are avail-able that can be used, for example, for per chapter/section appendices.